Are Geraniums Perennials or Annuals? (w/ photos)

Among the hyperlinks on this publish could also be affiliate hyperlinks.

Are geraniums perennials or annuals? The reply doesn’t have a easy black-and-white reply, so preserve studying to search out out! A part of it entails confusion amongst botanical names and customary names, however it additionally has to do together with your rising surroundings. 


First, there’s at all times confusion in the case of naming crops. After we hear the phrase “geranium”, it actually might be one in every of two totally different crops, and I’ll get into every of them within the following sections.

When many people consider geranium, we consider the crops within the Pelargonium genus which might be generally known as geraniums.

These are the frequent, flowering bedding crops that we see in all places, and that additionally make fantastic container crops. 

To make issues extra complicated, there are additionally hardy geraniums that truly belong to the genus Geranium so these are true geraniums! Now, let’s get into the annual vs. perennial dialogue of each of those crops. 



There are about 286 accepted Pelargonium species, and they’re native to a lot of Africa, and in addition Australia. Lots of the species are native to South Africa. So many stunning hybrids and cultivars have been developed and these are present in virtually each backyard heart. 

These are thought-about tender perennials. These evergreen perennials don’t tolerate frost, so if they’re left outdoors in colder climates, they’re typically instances simply handled as annual crops.

If you happen to stay in USDA hardiness Zone 9 or increased, you’ll be capable to develop these crops year-round outdoors. If you happen to stay in Zone 8 or beneath, you’ll be able to merely develop them as annuals, or you’ll be able to overwinter your geraniums from 12 months to 12 months.

If you happen to’re undecided what rising zone you’re in, try this plant hardiness zone calculator that tells you by merely coming into in your zip code. 

Inside the Pelargoniums genus, there are lots of kinds of “geraniums” and listed below are 4 of the preferred sorts.



These are the preferred sorts they usually obtain their title because of the zones of maroon or bronzy-green within the heart of the foliage of many of those crops. These crops are predominantly grown for his or her stunning flowers, however in addition they have engaging foliage. 

They’ve an extended blooming season and will be in fixed bloom with the appropriate situations! They arrive in each single and double flowers, and the colourful blooms are available white, pink, orange, pink, lavender, salmon, magenta, and even bicolored. 

There are even beautiful varieties with colourful, variegated leaves. 

These are greatest grown in not less than a number of hours of direct daylight, if not full solar situations to ensure that greatest flowering to happen.

If you happen to stay in a extremely sizzling, sunny local weather, partial shade particularly throughout mid-day when the solar is strongest would offer the very best outcomes. 

For extra recommendations on the right way to get your crops to flower regularly, try my weblog publish on the right way to get geraniums to bloom

If you happen to stay in a local weather with chilly winters and also you wish to preserve your crops 12 months after 12 months, try my weblog publish on the right way to overwinter geraniums. It will likely be simpler than you assume! I’ve carried out it many instances and there are a number of methods to do it. 

If you happen to don’t need them to go dormant, you’ll be able to proceed rising them indoors in a sunny window. 

Effectively-drained soil is a should for these crops as they will rot simply in any other case. 


Rose Scented Geranium

​Scented geraniums have flowers which might be somewhat insignificant, however they’re predominantly grown for the beautiful scent of the foliage.

There are rose-scented geraniums, in addition to ones that scent like lemon and even chocolate. The citronella plant that’s in style for repelling mosquitos can also be a sort of scented geranium. 

Scented geraniums are perennials if grown in hardiness zones 10 or hotter, in any other case they are going to act as annuals in climates colder than this.

If you happen to haven’t grown any of those, their scents are pleasant and make an indispensable a part of any scented backyard!



Ivy geraniums are sometimes grown in hanging baskets since they’ve a trailing nature. Additionally they make beautiful crops for window containers.

They usually have waxy inexperienced leaves and are loaded with flowers if effectively cared for and given sufficient direct solar.

These are perennials in zone 10 or hotter, and act as annuals in climates colder than zone 10.



Martha Washington geraniums are also referred to as regal geraniums and are usually not as broadly grown as a lot of the different varieties talked about above.

That is in all probability defined by the truth that they want extra exacting cultural situations to develop effectively. These varieties want cooler night time time temperatures to develop and bloom effectively. 

These crops reportedly will be perennials in zones as chilly as zone 7 (if mulched closely), in any other case it’s in all probability greatest to simply develop these an annuals.


Cranesbill Geranium

These are the true geraniums if you’ll, and really belong to the genus Geranium. There are about 360 accepted species of Geraniums. 

Within the backyard setting, the preferred might be Geranium maculatum. These crops are generally often called cranesbill geraniums or just, wild geranium. They get this title because of the seed pods that seem like the top and beak of a crane.

They’re native to central and Jap United States and Canada. These are herbaceous perennial crops which might be hardy all the way down to zone 3.

Cranesbill geraniums do greatest partly shade in a pleasant fertile soil that has loads of natural matter, but in addition that’s well-drained.

The fragile, fairly flowers are pinkish to mild purple or lilac coloured and the blooming interval is usually late spring to early summer season.

Generally the flowers are even white, however that is rarer. The crops naturalize fantastically in a woodland setting and type fantastic clumps, however they don’t seem to be invasive.


These perennial geraniums like loads of moisture and can flower greatest in full solar to mild shade. Vegetation in sunnier spots will want extra watering, significantly in case you have new crops in your backyard. 

I hope you’ve loved this publish! Do you’ve got any geraniums? That are your favourite? Remark beneath. I’d love to listen to!

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *